Birth Control

Hormonal Methods | Barrier Methods  | Long-Acting Methods | Other Methods 

Birth control, also known as contraception, is the use of medicines, devices, or surgery to prevent pregnancy.

There are many different types. Some are reversible, while others are permanent. Besides abstinence (not having sex), the condom is the only form of birth control that helps prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) AND protects against pregnancy.

Find birth control/family planning services in Rhode Island here.

Learn about your healthcare Rights & Confidentiality in Rhode Island here.

Hormonal Methods

Hormones are chemicals made naturally by the body. The ovaries make two hormones: progesterone and estrogen. These hormones act as signals to tell the body what to do during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal birth control methods work to keep these hormones at levels that prevent pregnancy. 

For people with certain conditions, the estrogen hormone, found in the combination pill, the patch, and the ring, carries more risk. When choosing a birth control method, it is important to talk to a healthcare professional about any conditions you have so that they can help you make a safe and healthy choice.

Barrier Methods

Barrier methods help prevent pregnancy by stopping sperm from meeting an egg. 

Long-Acting Reversible Methods

Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) include birth control implants and intrauterine devices (IUDs). They are designed to last for 3 or more years, and they are over 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. However, they do not prevent STIs, including HIV. 

Other Methods
Source: Planned Parenthood, Essential Access FP Manual

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